The Frugal Forest Project is about how we treat the finite resources of our small planet. Since the industrial revolution we’ve been steadily extracting resources and turning them into problematic waste – the ‘out and down’ approach, which has an obvious end point.

But in an ecosystem like a forest, resources are reused and reinvented in an endless cycle. Every dead thing becomes nutrients for new life; waste is an opportunity, and there’s no such thing as a dump. This round-and-round approach could go on forever.

We brought this concept to life by collecting materials that would usually be going to landfill, learning about their properties, and then devising ways to create plants based on scientific input and research. After thousands of hours of handwork we had an entire forest, with a soundscape gleaned from junk and re-purposed lighting casting dappled rays through the canopy.